Minority Health Archive

A National Study of Chronic Disease Prevalence and Access to Care in Uninsured U.S. Adults

Wilper, Andrew P. and Woolhandler, Steffie and Lasser, Karen E. and McCormick, Danny and Bor, David H. and Himmelstein, David U. (2008) A National Study of Chronic Disease Prevalence and Access to Care in Uninsured U.S. Adults. Annals of Internal Medicine, 149 (3). pp. 170-176.

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Abstract

Background: No recent national studies have assessed chronic illness prevalence or access to care among persons without insurance in the United States. Objective: To compare reports of chronic conditions and access to care among U.S. adults, by self-reported insurance status. Design: Population-based survey. Setting: National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey (1999–2004). Participants: 12 486 patients age 18 to 64 years. Measurements: Estimates of national rates of cardiovascular disease, hypertension, diabetes, hypercholesterolemia, active asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, previous cancer, and measures of access to care. Results: On the basis of National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1999–2004) responses, an estimated 11.4 million (95% CI, 9.8 million to 13.0 million) working-age Americans with chronic conditions were uninsured, including 16.1% (CI, 12.6% to 19.6%) of the 7.8 million with cardiovascular disease, 15.5% (CI, 13.4% to 17.6%) of the 38.2 million with hypertension, and 16.6% (CI, 13.2% to 20.0%) of the 8.5 million with diabetes. After the authors controlled for age, sex, and race or ethnicity, chronically ill patients without insurance were less likely than those with coverage to visit a health professional (6.2% vs. 22.6%) and have a standard site for care (6.2% vs. 26.1%) and more likely to identify an emergency department as their standard site for care (7.1% vs. 1.1%) (P 0.001 for all comparisons). Limitation: The study was cross-sectional and used self-reported insurance and disease status. Conclusion: Millions of U.S. working-age adults with chronic conditions do not have insurance and have poorer access to medical care than their insured counterparts.


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Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Access to full text is subject to the publisher's access restrictions.
Uncontrolled Keywords: chronic illness prevalence; access to care; insurance; chronic conditions; insurance status
Subjects: Research
Health > Public Health > Chronic Illness & Diseases
Health
Research > studies
Health > Public Health
Health > Health Equity > Access To Healthcare
Health > Health Equity
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Depositing User: Users 141 not found.
Date Deposited: 03 Oct 2008
Last Modified: 21 Apr 2011 13:26
Link to this item (URI): http://health-equity.pitt.edu/id/eprint/1048

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