Lopez, Russ (2006) BLACK-WHITE RESIDENTIAL SEGREGATION AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY. Ethnicity & Disease, 16 (2). pp. 495-502. ISSN 1049-510X
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This multilevel study explores the potential relationship between Black-White residential segregation and physical activity. It combines data on physical activity from the 2001 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), a national telephone survey of adults overseen by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), with a measure of racial segregation. Using hierarchical linear modeling, it controlled for age, sex, Black race, Hispanic ethnicity, education, income, and amount of urban sprawl. For each one-point increase in the Black-White Dissimilarity Index (on a 0–100 scale), the modeled risk of being physically inactive increased by .7% (odds ratio [OR]51.007, 95% confidence interval [CI]51.003, 1.011). The relationship between segregation and physical activity was similar for Blacks and Whites, though not statistically significant for the Black-only analysis. This finding may imply that the pathway between segregation and ill health includes physical inactivity.
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