Minority Health Archive

SLEEP DISTURBANCE MEDIATES THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PERCEIVED RACISM AND DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOMS

Steffen, Patrick R. and Bowden, Matthew (2006) SLEEP DISTURBANCE MEDIATES THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PERCEIVED RACISM AND DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOMS. Ethnicity & Disease, 16 (1). pp. 16-21. ISSN 1049-510X

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Abstract

Objectives: To examine the effects of racism on sleep disturbance and depression and to examine whether sleep disturbance mediates the effects of racism on depression. Design: Cross-sectional questionnaire study. Setting: Community. Participants: 168 Hispanic-American immigrants, 45% female, average age 33 years, average length of time living in the United States was 5 years. Measures: The Perceived Racism Scale for Latinos, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies- Depression (CES-D) Scale. Results: Using hierarchical linear regression analyses, perceived racism was related to increased sleep disturbance (b5.21, P,.01) and higher levels of depressive symptoms (b5.24, P,.01). When sleep disturbance was included in the regression equation, perceived racism was no longer a significant predictor of depressive symptoms (b5.10, nonsignificant), indicating that sleep disturbance mediated the relationship between perceived racism and depressive symptoms. Conclusions: This study adds to the research literature by identifying sleep disturbance as a potential pathway through which perceived racism may affect health.


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Item Type: Article
Additional Information: After clicking link, scroll down the page to find the article.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Depression; Discrimination; Hispanic; Immigrants; Racism; Sleep
Subjects: Health > Health Equity
Health > Public Health > Chronic Illness & Diseases > Mental Health
Research > studies
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Depositing User: Users 141 not found.
Date Deposited: 10 Dec 2008
Last Modified: 02 Jun 2011 09:32
Link to this item (URI): http://health-equity.pitt.edu/id/eprint/1236

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