Minority Health Archive

Are HIV/AIDS Conspiracy Beliefs a Barrier to HIV Prevention Among African Americans?

Bogart, Laura M and Thorburn, Sheryl (2005) Are HIV/AIDS Conspiracy Beliefs a Barrier to HIV Prevention Among African Americans? Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, 38 (2). pp. 213-218.

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Abstract

Objectives: This study examined endorsement of HIV/AIDS conspiracy beliefs and their relations to consistent condom use and condom attitudes among African Americans. Methods: We conducted a telephone survey with a random sample of 500 African Americans aged 15 to 44 years and living in the contiguous United States. Results: A significant proportion of respondents endorsed HIV/AIDS conspiracy beliefs. Among men, stronger conspiracy beliefs were significantly associated with more negative condom attitudes and inconsistent condom use independent of selected sociodemographic characteristics, partner variables, sexually transmitted disease history, perceived risk, and psychosocial factors. In secondary follow-up analyses, men’s attitudes about condom use partially mediated the effects of HIV/AIDS conspiracy beliefs on condom use behavior. Conclusions: HIV/AIDS conspiracy beliefs are a barrier to HIV prevention among African Americans and may represent a facet of negative attitudes about condoms among black men. To counter such beliefs, government and public health entities need to work toward obtaining the trust of black communities by addressing current discrimination within the health care system as well as by acknowledging the origin of conspiracy beliefs in the context of historical discrimination.


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Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Access to full text is subject to the publisher's access restrictions.
Uncontrolled Keywords: African Americans, HIV/AIDS conspiracy beliefs, condom use, condom attitudes
Subjects: Health > Public Health
Health > Public Health > Chronic Illness & Diseases > HIV/Aids
Health > Public Health > Health Risk Factors
Health > Public Health > Health Risk Factors > Sexual Habits
Practice > outreach
Research > studies
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Kismet Loftin-Bell
Date Deposited: 30 Aug 2005
Last Modified: 08 Jun 2011 12:17
Link to this item (URI): http://health-equity.pitt.edu/id/eprint/228

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