Minority Health Archive

Rates and Reasons: Disparities in Low Intentions to Use a State Smoking Cessation Quitline

Burns, Emily K. and Deaton, Elizabeth Ann and Levinson, Arnold H. (2011) Rates and Reasons: Disparities in Low Intentions to Use a State Smoking Cessation Quitline. American Journal of Health Promotion, 25 (sp5). S59-S65. ISSN 0890-1171

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Abstract

Purpose. Little is known about population-level rates and reasons for low intentions to call the quitline, a widely available evidence-based smoking cessation treatment. Design. This study is a secondary analysis of the 2008 Colorado Adult Tobacco Attitudes and Behavior Survey. Setting. This is a population-based telephone survey of adults in Colorado. Subjects. Study respondents (N = 1662) included current adult smokers who had heard of the Colorado QuitLine (QL) and did not report that they never intend to quit. Measures. Outcome measures included intent to call the QL, self-reported reasons for not intending to call the QL, and knowledge of QL services. Analysis. Descriptive and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used for each outcome variable. All analyses were weighted for complex survey design to represent the population of Colorado. Results. Overall 45.6% of smokers intend never to call the QL. In multivariate analysis, Latinos (odds ratio [OR] = 2.5; 95% confidence intervals [CI], 1.4, 4.7), gay/lesbian/bisexuals (OR = 5.2; 95% CI, 2.4, 11.4), and those with no insurance compared with Medicaid (OR = 3.8; 95% CI, 1.1, 13.0) were most likely to intend never to call the QL. Perceiving no need for assistance (34.8%) was the most common reason for not calling. Conclusions. A majority of smokers have no or weak intentions of ever calling the QL, with variation by subgroup. Reasons for not intending to call can inform targeted media campaigns to increase QL reach.


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Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is available at the publisher’s Web site. Access to the full text is subject to the publisher’s access restrictions.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Smoking Cessation, Quitline, Disparities, Intention, Prevention Research. Manuscript format: research, Research purpose: program evaluation, Study design: nonexperimental, Outcome measure: cognitive, Setting: state/national, Health focus: smoking control, Strategy: skill building/behavior change, Target population age: adults, Target population circumstances: education, income level, race/ethnicity
Subjects: Health > Disparities
Health > Public Health > Health Risk Factors > Smoking & Tobacco Use
Research
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Depositing User: Users 141 not found.
Date Deposited: 05 May 2011 16:10
Last Modified: 30 Jun 2011 15:54
Link to this item (URI): http://health-equity.pitt.edu/id/eprint/2423

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