Minority Health Archive

A comparison of the frequencies of risk factors for depression in older black and white participants in a study of indicated prevention

Sriwattanakomen, Roy and McPherron, Jesse and Chatman, Jamie and Morse, Jennifer Q. and Martire, Lynn M. and Karp, Jordan F. and Houck, Patricia R. and Bensasi, Salem and Houle, Jill and Stack, Jacqueline A. and Woods, Mattie and Block, Bruce and Thomas, Stephen B. and Quinn, Sandra and Reynolds, Charles F. (2010) A comparison of the frequencies of risk factors for depression in older black and white participants in a study of indicated prevention. International Psychogeriatrics, 22 (08). p. 1240. ISSN 1041-6102

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: To compare the frequencies of risk factors, we describe risks for depression as a function of race among consecutively admitted participants in a randomized clinical trial of indicated depression prevention in later life. METHODS: Seventy-two black and 143 white participants were screened for risk factors for depression. RESULTS: Black participants were more likely to have fewer years of education and lower household income. They were more likely to be obese, live alone, experience functional disability, have a history of alcohol and drug abuse, and have lower scores on the Mini-mental State Examination and the Executive Interview (EXIT). White participants were not found to have greater prevalence or higher mean score on any risk factor. On average, black participants experienced approximately one more risk factor than white participants (t(213) = 3.32, p = 0.0011). CONCLUSIONS: In our sample, black participants had higher frequencies of eight risk factors for depression and a greater mean number of risk factors compared to white participants.


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Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: risk factors, depression, depression prevention
Subjects: Health > Public Health > Chronic Illness & Diseases > Mental Health
Health > Public Health > Health Risk Factors
Research > studies
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Depositing User: Users 141 not found.
Date Deposited: 22 May 2011 12:53
Last Modified: 22 May 2011 12:54
Link to this item (URI): http://health-equity.pitt.edu/id/eprint/2493

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