Minority Health Archive

The role of stress and social support in predicting depression among a hypertensive African American sample.

Dennis, John P and Markey, Megan A and Johnston, Karen A and Vander Wal, Jillon S and Artinian, Nancy T (2008) The role of stress and social support in predicting depression among a hypertensive African American sample. Heart & lung : the journal of critical care, 37 (2). pp. 105-12. ISSN 1527-3288

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: We examined social support, stress, and selected demographic variables as predictors of depression among African Americans with hypertension. METHODS: Archival data collected on 194 hypertensive African Americans ranging in age from 30 to 88 years (mean age = 58.3 years, standard deviation = 12.2; 63% were female) were analyzed in the present study. Hierarchic regression analyses were conducted using two models of depression. The first model included basic demographic characteristics of the sample, including age, sex, educational attainment, income, and employment status. In the second model, the psychosocial variables of stress and social support were added to determine their predictive value. RESULTS: The first model accounted for 14% of the variance in depression and identified sex and age as significant predictors. The second model, in which two psychosocial variables were added, accounted for 45.2% of the total variance, with age, stress, and social support as significant predictors. CONCLUSIONS: Stress and social support are significant predictors of depression in a hypertensive African American population, beyond the influence of various demographic variables. These results have implications for prevention and intervention strategies with the target population.


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Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: social support, stress, hypertension, depression
Subjects: Health > Public Health > Chronic Illness & Diseases > Hypertension
Health > Public Health > Chronic Illness & Diseases > Mental Health
Health > Public Health > Health Risk Factors > Stress
Research
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Depositing User: Users 141 not found.
Date Deposited: 23 May 2011 23:56
Last Modified: 23 May 2011 23:56
Link to this item (URI): http://health-equity.pitt.edu/id/eprint/2501

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