Minority Health Archive

A Controlled Evaluation of Staging Dietary Patterns to Reduce the Risk of Diabetes in African-American Women

Auslander, W. and Haire-Joshu, D. and Houston, C. and Rhee, C.-W. and Williams, J. H. (2002) A Controlled Evaluation of Staging Dietary Patterns to Reduce the Risk of Diabetes in African-American Women. Diabetes Care, 25 (5). pp. 809-814. ISSN 0149-5992

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the 3-month follow-up data of the Eat Well, Live Well Nutrition Program, a culturally specific, peer-led dietary change program designed to reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes in low-income African-American women. This peer-led program was delivered in the community and was tailored to the participants' stage of change for individual dietary patterns. We report the results of the 3-month intervention and the extent to which dietary changes and other key outcomes were maintained at a 3-month follow-up assessment. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Using an experimental control group design, 294 overweight African-American women (ages 25-55 years), recruited in collaboration with a neighborhood organization, completed pre- and posttest and 3-month follow-up interviews of dietary behaviors, knowledge, attitudes, fat intake, and weight. RESULTS: Significant reductions were found in fat intake among women in the treatment condition when compared with women in the control group; these reductions were maintained at 3-month follow-up assessment. Likewise, significant changes in dietary patterns were reported after the study and were maintained, except for one dietary pattern (replacement). CONCLUSIONS: This model of health promotion, which individually tailors dietary patterns through staging and use of peer educators, has the potential for decreasing fat intake and increasing and maintaining specific low-fat dietary patterns among overweight African-American women at risk for diabetes.


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Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: diabetes, dietary patterns, dietary change program
Subjects: Health > Nutrition
Health > Public Health > Chronic Illness & Diseases > Diabetes
Health > Public Health > Chronic Illness & Diseases > Obesity
Research
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Depositing User: Users 141 not found.
Date Deposited: 26 May 2011 11:26
Last Modified: 26 May 2011 11:26
Link to this item (URI): http://health-equity.pitt.edu/id/eprint/2519

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