Minority Health Archive

Integrating Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Depression Treatment Among African Americans: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Trial

Bogner, H. R. and de Vries, H. F. (2010) Integrating Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Depression Treatment Among African Americans: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Trial. The Diabetes Educator, 36 (2). pp. 284-292. ISSN 0145-7217

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Abstract

Purpose The purpose of this study was to examine whether integrating depression treatment into care for type 2 diabetes mellitus among older African Americans improved medication adherence, glycemic control, and depression outcomes. Methods Older African Americans prescribed pharmacotherapy for type 2 diabetes mellitus and depression from physicians at a large primary care practice in west Philadelphia were randomly assigned to an integrated care intervention or usual care. Adherence was assessed at baseline, 2, 4, and 6 weeks using the Medication Event Monitoring System to assess adherence. Outcomes assessed at baseline and 12 weeks included standard laboratory tests to measure glycemic control and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) to assess depression. Results In all, 58 participants aged 50 to 80 years participated. The proportion of participants who had 80% or greater adherence to an oral hypoglycemic (intervention 62.1% vs usual care 24.1%) and an antidepressant (intervention 62.1% vs usual care 10.3%) was greater in the intervention group in comparison with the usual care group at 6 weeks. Participants in the integrated care intervention had lower levels of glycosylated hemoglobin (intervention 6.7% vs usual care 7.9%) and fewer depressive symptoms (CES-D mean scores: intervention 9.6 vs usual care 16.6) compared with participants in the usual care group at 12 weeks. Conclusion A pilot randomized controlled trial integrating type 2 diabetes mellitus treatment and depression was successful in improving outcomes among older African Americans. Integrated interventions may be more feasible and effective in real-world practices with competing demands for limited resources.


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Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: depression treatment, glycemic control, depression outcomes, Older African Americans, type 2 diabetes mellitus treatment
Subjects: Health > Public Health > Chronic Illness & Diseases > Diabetes
Health > Public Health > Chronic Illness & Diseases > Mental Health
Practice > interventions
Research
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Users 141 not found.
Date Deposited: 26 May 2011 11:36
Last Modified: 26 May 2011 11:36
Link to this item (URI): http://health-equity.pitt.edu/id/eprint/2520

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