Baker, R. B. and Washington, H. A. and Olakanmi, O. and Savitt, T. L. and Jacobs, E. A. and Hoover, E. and Wynia, M. K. (2008) African American Physicians and Organized Medicine, 1846-1968: Origins of a Racial Divide. JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association, 300 (3). pp. 306-313. ISSN 0098-7484
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Like the nation as a whole, organized medicine in the United States carries a legacy of racial bias and segregation that should be understood and acknowledged. For more than 100 years, many state and local medical societies openly discriminated against black physicians, barring them from membership and from professional support and advancement. The American Medical Association was early and persistent in countenancing this racial segregation. Several key historical episodes demonstrate that many of the decisions and practices that established and maintained medical professional segregation were challenged by black and white physicians, both within and outside organized medicine. The effects of this history have been far reaching for the medical profession and, in particular, the legacy of segregation, bias, and exclusion continues to adversely affect African American physicians and the patients they serve.
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|Item Type: ||Article|
|Uncontrolled Keywords: ||AFRICAN AMERICANS, AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, BLACKS, CIVIL RIGHTS, HISTORY OF MEDICINE, MINORITY GROUPS, PHYSICIANS, PREJUDICE, RACE, SOCIETIES, MEDICAL, UNITED STATES.|
|Subjects: ||Health > Health Equity|
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|Depositing User: ||Users 141 not found.|
|Date Deposited: ||26 May 2011 13:28|
|Last Modified: ||26 May 2011 13:28|
|Link to this item (URI): ||http://health-equity.pitt.edu/id/eprint/2525|
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