Victor, R. G. and Ravenell, J. E. and Freeman, A. and Leonard, D. and Bhat, D. G. and Shafiq, M. and Knowles, P. and Storm, J. S. and Adhikari, E. and Bibbins-Domingo, K. and Coxson, P. G. and Pletcher, M. J. and Hannan, P. and Haley, R. W.
BACKGROUND: Barbershop-based hypertension (HTN) outreach programs for black men are becoming increasingly common, but whether they are an effective approach for improving HTN control remains uncertain. METHODS: To evaluate whether a continuous high blood pressure (BP) monitoring and referral program conducted by barbers motivates male patrons with elevated BP to pursue physician follow-up, leading to improved HTN control, a cluster randomized trial (BARBER-1) of HTN control was conducted among black male patrons of 17 black-owned barbershops in Dallas County, Texas (March 2006-December 2008). Participants underwent 10-week baseline BP screening, and then study sites were randomized to a comparison group that received standard BP pamphlets (8 shops, 77 hypertensive patrons per shop) or an intervention group in which barbers continually offered BP checks with haircuts and promoted physician follow-up with sex-specific peer-based health messaging (9 shops, 75 hypertensive patrons per shop). After 10 months, follow-up data were obtained. The primary outcome measure was change in HTN control rate for each barbershop. RESULTS: The HTN control rate increased more in intervention barbershops than in comparison barbershops (absolute group difference, 8.8% [95% confidence interval (CI), 0.8%-16.9%]) (P = .04); the intervention effect persisted after adjustment for covariates (P = .03). A marginal intervention effect was found for systolic BP change (absolute group difference, -2.5 mm Hg [95% CI, -5.3 to 0.3 mm Hg]) (P = .08). CONCLUSIONS: The effect of BP screening on HTN control among black male barbershop patrons was improved when barbers were enabled to become health educators, monitor BP, and promote physician follow-up. Further research is warranted. TRIAL REGISTRATION: clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT00325533.
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|Additional Information:||This article is available at the publisher’s Web site. Access to the full text is subject to the publisher’s access restrictions.|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Barbershop-based outreach programs, hypertension, black men, high blood pressure|
|Subjects:||Health > Public Health > Chronic Illness & Diseases > Hypertension|
Practice > outreach
Practice > interventions
Research > studies
|Depositing User:||Users 141 not found.|
|Date Deposited:||01 Jun 2011 11:47|
|Last Modified:||30 Jun 2011 16:50|
|Link to this item (URI):||http://health-equity.pitt.edu/id/eprint/2550|
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