Minority Health Archive

Cultural identification and smoking among American Indian adults in an urban setting

Angstman, Sarah and Harris, Kari Jo and Golbeck, Amanda and Swaney, Gyda (2009) Cultural identification and smoking among American Indian adults in an urban setting. Ethnicity & Health, 14 (3). pp. 289-302. ISSN 1355-7858

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Abstract

Objectives. Among American Indians (AIs), an important relationship has been theorized between cultural identification and substance abuse, including smoking. We investigated the relationship between cultural identification and smoking among AI adults. Design. Using the Orthogonal Cultural Identification Scale (OCIS), we examined the relationship between AI and White cultural identification and cigarette use in a sample of AI recruited at an urban Indian center (n=217). Results. We found that high AIs identification predicted smoker status and high White identification predicted non-smoker status when controlling for age and reservation residence. Orthogonal cultural identification status (categorized as high White/high AI, high White/low AI, low White/high AI, or low White/low AI) did not predict smoker status when controlling for age and reservation residence. OCIS item analysis revealed that positive responses to the individual OCIS items 'My family lives by the American Indian way of life,' 'I live by the American Indian way of life,' and 'I am a success in the American Indian way of life' predicted smoker status when controlling for age and reservation residence. Conclusions. Our data suggest that, among some groups of urban AIs, recreational smoking is associated with AI cultural identification.


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Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: smoking; American Indians; cultural identification
Subjects: Health > Public Health > Health Risk Factors > Smoking & Tobacco Use
Research
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Depositing User: Users 141 not found.
Date Deposited: 02 Jun 2011 10:27
Last Modified: 02 Jun 2011 10:27
Link to this item (URI): http://health-equity.pitt.edu/id/eprint/2552

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