Minority Health Archive

A meta-analysis of psycho-behavioral obesity interventions among US multiethnic and minority adults

SEO, D and SA, J (2008) A meta-analysis of psycho-behavioral obesity interventions among US multiethnic and minority adults. Preventive Medicine, 47 (6). pp. 573-582. ISSN 00917435

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The present review examines efficacious psycho-behavioral interventions in preventing weight gains or reducing weight among US multiethnic and minority adults as few studies were conducted to review such interventions to date. METHODS: Data were examined from 24 controlled intervention studies, representing 23 programs and involving 13,326 adults. Studies were identified through manual and online search of databases that include MEDLINE, Academic Search Premier, ERIC, PsycARTICLES, SPORTDiscus, and CINAHL Plus. RESULTS: Whereas one-component (n=5, d=0.08, 90% CI=-0.04, 0.35) and two-component interventions (n=13, d=0.22, 90% CI=0.05, 0.40) showed a low mean effect size, three-component interventions (n=6, d=0.52, 90% CI=0.39, 0.65) showed a moderate effect size. Interventions conducted in individual sessions (n=15, d=0.40, 90% CI=0.24, 0.56) showed a higher mean effect size than group interventions (n=9, d=0.08, 90% CI=-0.04, 0.30) although the confidence intervals overlapped. CONCLUSIONS: The study results indicate that future obesity prevention interventions targeting multiethnic and minority adults might benefit from incorporating individual sessions, family involvement, and problem solving strategies into multi-component programs that focus on lifestyle changes.


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Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is available at the publisher’s Web site. Access to the full text is subject to the publisher’s access restrictions.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adults; Minority; Review; Obesity; Interventions
Subjects: Health > Public Health > Chronic Illness & Diseases > Obesity
Practice > interventions
Research > studies
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Depositing User: Users 141 not found.
Date Deposited: 23 Jun 2011 11:16
Last Modified: 23 Jun 2011 11:16
Link to this item (URI): http://health-equity.pitt.edu/id/eprint/2605

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