Gandhi, K. K. and Foulds, J. and Steinberg, M. B. and Lu, S.-E. and Williams, J. M.
BACKGROUND: Lower rates of smoking cessation and higher rates of lung cancer in African American (AA) smokers may be linked to their preference for mentholated cigarettes. AIM: This study assessed the relationship between menthol smoking, race/ethnicity and smoking cessation among a diverse cohort of 1688 patients attending a specialist smoking cessation service. RESULTS: 46% of the patients smoked mentholated cigarettes, but significantly more AA (81%) and Latino (66%) patients than Whites (32%) smoked menthols. AA and Latino menthol smokers smoked significantly fewer cigarettes per day (CPD) than non-menthol smokers (15.7 vs. 20.3, for AA, and 17.0 vs. 22.1, for Latinos), with no differences among White menthol and non-menthol smokers. At 4-week follow up, AA, Latino and White non-menthol smokers had similar quit rates (54%, 50% and 50% respectively). In contrast, among menthol smokers, AAs and Latinos had lower quit rates (30% and 23% respectively) compared with Whites (43%, p < 0.001). AA and Latino menthol smokers had significantly lower odds of quitting [odds ratio (OR) = 0.34; 95% CI = 0.17, 0.69 for AA, and OR = 0.32; 95% CI = 0.16, 0.62 for Latinos] than their non-menthol counterparts. At 6-month follow up, a similar trend was observed for the race/ethnicity subgroups, with AA menthol smokers having half the odds of being abstinent compared with AA non-menthol smokers (OR = 0.48; 95% CI = 0.25, 0.9). CONCLUSIONS: Despite smoking fewer CPD, AA and Latino menthol smokers experience reduced success in quitting as compared with non-menthol smokers within the same ethnic/racial groups.
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|Additional Information:||This article is available at the publisher’s Web site. Access to the full text is subject to the publisher’s access restrictions.|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||smoking cessation, lung cancer, African American, mentholated cigarettes, Latino|
|Subjects:||Health > Public Health > Chronic Illness & Diseases > Cancer|
Health > Public Health > Health Risk Factors > Smoking & Tobacco Use
Research > studies
|Depositing User:||Users 141 not found.|
|Date Deposited:||25 Jun 2011 19:35|
|Last Modified:||25 Jun 2011 19:35|
|Link to this item (URI):||http://health-equity.pitt.edu/id/eprint/2629|
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