Minority Health Archive

Perceived Racial/Ethnic Discrimination Among Fifth-Grade Students and Its Association With Mental Health

Coker, T. R. and Elliott, M. N. and Kanouse, D. E. and Grunbaum, J. A. and Schwebel, D. C. and Gilliland, M. J. and Tortolero, S. R. and Peskin, M. F. and Schuster, M. A. (2009) Perceived Racial/Ethnic Discrimination Among Fifth-Grade Students and Its Association With Mental Health. American Journal of Public Health, 99 (5). pp. 878-884. ISSN 0090-0036

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES: We sought to describe the prevalence, characteristics, and mental health problems of children who experience perceived racial/ethnic discrimination. METHODS: We analyzed cross-sectional data from a study of 5147 fifth-grade students and their parents from public schools in 3 US metropolitan areas. We used multivariate logistic regression (overall and stratified by race/ethnicity) to examine the associations of sociodemographic factors and mental health problems with perceived racial/ethnic discrimination. RESULTS: Fifteen percent of children reported perceived racial/ethnic discrimination, with 80% reporting that discrimination occurred at school. A greater percentage of Black (20%), Hispanic (15%), and other (16%) children reported perceived racial/ethnic discrimination compared with White (7%) children. Children who reported perceived racial/ethnic discrimination were more likely to have symptoms of each of the 4 mental health conditions included in the analysis: depression, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, and conduct disorder. An association between perceived racial/ethnic discrimination and depressive symptoms was found for Black, Hispanic, and other children but not for White children. CONCLUSIONS: Perceived racial/ethnic discrimination is not an uncommon experience among fifth-grade students and may be associated with a variety of mental health disorders.


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Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is available at the publisher’s Web site. Access to the full text is subject to the publisher’s access restrictions.
Uncontrolled Keywords: racial/ethnic discrimination, mental health problems, racial/ethnic discrimination, mental health disorders
Subjects: Health > Health Equity
Health > Prenatal & Pediatric Health
Health > Public Health > Chronic Illness & Diseases > Mental Health
Practice
Research
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Depositing User: Users 141 not found.
Date Deposited: 25 Jun 2011 20:37
Last Modified: 25 Jun 2011 20:37
Link to this item (URI): http://health-equity.pitt.edu/id/eprint/2634

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