Minority Health Archive

Physical activity and obesity in African Americans: the Jackson Heart Study.

Dubbert, Patricia M and Robinson, Jennifer C and Sung, Jung Hye and Ainsworth, Barbara E and Wyatt, Sharon B and Carithers, Teresa and Newton, Robert and Rhudy, Jamie L and Barbour, Krista and Sternfeld, Barbara and Taylor, Herman (2010) Physical activity and obesity in African Americans: the Jackson Heart Study. Ethnicity & disease, 20 (4). pp. 383-389. ISSN 1049-510X

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To better understand how obesity and low levels of physical activity (PA) contribute to racial health disparities, we examined the association of PA domains (work, home life, and leisure) with indicators of socioeconomic status and markers of obesity in African Americans. METHODS: These cross sectional analyses of interview and clinical measures from the baseline visit of the Jackson Heart Study of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in African Americans of the Jackson, Mississippi metropolitan statistical area included 3,174 women and 1,830 men aged 21-95 years. The main measures were active living, sport, work, home life, and total PA scores; participation in regular moderate or vigorous intensity leisure physical activity (MVLPA); demographics, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and CVD risk factors. RESULTS: The sample was 63% female, 81% high school or college graduates, with 51% aged 45-64 years, and mostly overweight (32%) or obese (53%). Women were less active than men in all domains except home life. Total PA was inversely associated with WC in women and men. The overweight (BMI 25-29.9) group was most active in all domains except work; active living and sport PA and prevalence of MVLPA then declined in a dose response association with increasing BMI. Work PA was associated with the lowest BMI but otherwise with indicators of less favorable socioeconomic status and health. CONCLUSIONS: Observed differences in PA in African Americans by domain and association with obesity biomarkers suggest areas for future study and intervention to reduce health disparities.


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Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is available at the publisher’s Web site. Access to the full text is subject to the publisher’s access restrictions.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Physical Activity, African American, Obesity, Cardiovascular Disease
Subjects: Health > Disparities
Health > Public Health > Chronic Illness & Diseases > Obesity
Practice > interventions
Research > studies
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Depositing User: Users 141 not found.
Date Deposited: 16 Jul 2011 16:16
Last Modified: 16 Jul 2011 16:16
Link to this item (URI): http://health-equity.pitt.edu/id/eprint/2764

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