Minority Health Archive

The Impact of Disasters on Populations With Health and Health Care Disparities

Davis, Jennifer R. and Wilson, Sacoby and Brock-Martin, Amy and Glover, Saundra and Svendsen, Erik R. (2010) The Impact of Disasters on Populations With Health and Health Care Disparities. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, 4 (1). pp. 30-38. ISSN 1938-744X

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Abstract

Context: A disaster is indiscriminate in whom it affects. Limited research has shown that the poor and medically underserved, especially in rural areas, bear an inequitable amount of the burden. Objective: To review the literature on the combined effects of a disaster and living in an area with existing health or health care disparities on a community's health, access to health resources, and quality of life. Methods: We performed a systematic literature review using the following search terms: disaster, health disparities, health care disparities, medically underserved, and rural. Our inclusion criteria were peer-reviewed, US studies that discussed the delayed or persistent health effects of disasters in medically underserved areas. Results: There has been extensive research published on disasters, health disparities, health care disparities, and medically underserved populations individually, but not collectively. Conclusions: The current literature does not capture the strain of health and health care disparities before and after a disaster in medically underserved communities. Future disaster studies and policies should account for differences in health profiles and access to care before and after a disaster.


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Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is available at the publisher’s Web site. Access to the full text is subject to the publisher’s access restrictions.
Uncontrolled Keywords: healthcare disparities • disasters • socioeconomic factors • rural health services • medically underserved area • surge capacity • review articles • community health planning • community disaster response
Subjects: Health > Disparities
Health > Policy
Research
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Depositing User: Users 141 not found.
Date Deposited: 20 Jul 2011 17:33
Last Modified: 20 Jul 2011 17:33
Link to this item (URI): http://health-equity.pitt.edu/id/eprint/2785

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