Minority Health Archive

Using a Family History Intervention to Improve Cancer Risk Perception in a Black Community.

Murthy, Vinaya S and Garza, Mary A and Almario, Donna A and Vogel, Kristen J and Grubs, Robin E and Gettig, Elizabeth A and Wilson, John W and Thomas, Stephen B (2011) Using a Family History Intervention to Improve Cancer Risk Perception in a Black Community. Journal of genetic counseling. ISSN 1573-3599

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Abstract

Few studies examine the use of family history to influence risk perceptions in the African American population. This study examined the influence of a family health history (FHH) intervention on risk perceptions for breast (BRCA), colon (CRC), and prostate cancers (PRCA) among African Americans in Pittsburgh, PA. Participants (n = 665) completed pre- and post-surveys and FHHs. We compared their objective and perceived risks, classified as average, moderate, or high, and examined the accuracy of risk perceptions before and after the FHH intervention. The majority of participants had accurate risk perceptions post-FHH. Of those participants who were inaccurate pre-FHH, 43.3%, 43.8%, and 34.5% for BRCA, CRC, and PRCA, respectively, adopted accurate risk perceptions post-FHH intervention. The intervention was successful in a community setting. It has the potential to lead to healthy behavior modifications because participants adopted accurate risk perceptions. We identified a substantial number of at-risk individuals who could benefit from targeted prevention strategies, thus decreasing racial/ethnic cancer disparities.


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Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is available at the publisher’s Web site. Access to the full text is subject to the publisher’s access restrictions.
Uncontrolled Keywords: African American – Black community – Cancer – Community-based – Family history – Risk perception
Subjects: Health > Disparities
Health > Public Health > Chronic Illness & Diseases > Cancer
Practice > interventions
Research > studies
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Depositing User: Users 141 not found.
Date Deposited: 24 Jul 2011 16:06
Last Modified: 24 Jul 2011 16:06
Link to this item (URI): http://health-equity.pitt.edu/id/eprint/2821

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