Okuyemi, Kolawole S. and Faseru, Babalola and Sanderson Cox, Lisa and Bronars, Carrie A. and Ahluwalia, Jasjit S.
AIMS: To determine whether African American light smokers who smoked menthol cigarettes had lower cessation when treated with nicotine replacement therapy and counseling. DESIGN: Data were derived from a clinical trial that assessed the efficacy of 2 mg nicotine gum (versus placebo) and counseling (motivational interviewing counseling versus Health Education) for smoking cessation among African American light smokers (smoked < or = 10 cigarettes per day). PARTICIPANTS: The sample consisted of 755 African American light smokers. MEASUREMENTS: The primary outcome variable was verified 7-day point-prevalence smoking cessation at 26 weeks follow-up. Verification was by salivary cotinine. FINDINGS: Compared to non-menthol smokers, menthol smokers were younger and less confident to quit smoking (P = 0.023). At 26 weeks post-randomization, 7-day verified abstinence rate was significantly lower for menthol smokers (11.2% versus 18.8% for non-menthol, P = 0.015). CONCLUSIONS: Among African American light smokers, use of menthol cigarettes is associated with lower smoking cessation rates. Because the majority of African American smokers use menthol cigarettes, a better understanding of the mechanism for this lower quit rate is needed.
|Export/Citation:||EndNote | BibTeX | Dublin Core | ASCII (Chicago style) | HTML Citation | OpenURL | Reference Manager|
|Social Networking:|| |
|Additional Information:||This article is available at the publisher’s Web site. Access to the full text is subject to the publisher’s access restrictions.|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||African Americans; clinical trial; counseling;health education; light smokers; menthol; motivational interviewing; nicotine replacement therapy; secondary analysis; smoking cessation|
|Subjects:||Health > Disparities|
Health > Public Health > Health Risk Factors > Smoking & Tobacco Use
|Depositing User:||Users 141 not found.|
|Date Deposited:||24 Jul 2011 22:37|
|Last Modified:||24 Jul 2011 22:37|
|Link to this item (URI):||http://health-equity.pitt.edu/id/eprint/2841|
Actions (login required)