Minority Health Archive

RACE/ETHNICITY AND U.S. ADULT MORTALITY: Progress, Prospects, and New Analyses

Hummer, Robert A. and Chinn, Juanita J. (2011) RACE/ETHNICITY AND U.S. ADULT MORTALITY: Progress, Prospects, and New Analyses. Du Bois Review: Social Science Research on Race, 8 (01). pp. 5-24. ISSN 1742-058X

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Abstract

Although there have been significant decreases in U.S. mortality rates, racial/ethnic disparities persist. The goals of this study are to: (1) elucidate a conceptual framework for the study of racial/ethnic differences in U.S. adult mortality, (2) estimate current racial/ethnic differences in adult mortality, (3) examine empirically the extent to which measures of socioeconomic status and other risk factors impact the mortality differences across groups, and (4) utilize findings to inform the policy community with regard to eliminating racial/ethnic disparities in mortality. Relative Black-White differences are modestly narrower when compared to a decade or so ago, but remain very wide. The majority of the Black-White adult mortality gap can be accounted for by measures of socioeconomic resources that reflect the historical and continuing significance of racial socioeconomic stratification. Further, when controlling for socioeconomic resources, MexicanAmericans and Mexican immigrants exhibit significantly lower mortality risk than non-Hispanic Whites. Without aggressive efforts to create equality in socioeconomic and social resources, Black-White disparities in mortality will remain wide, and mortality among the Mexican-origin population will remain higher than what would be the case if that population achieved socioeconomic equality with Whites.


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Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is available at the publisher’s Web site. Access to the full text is subject to the publisher’s access restrictions.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Race, Ethnicity, Mortality, Health Disparities, African Americans, Mexican Americans, Socioeconomic Status
Subjects: Health > Health Equity
Health > Disparities
Health > Policy
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Depositing User: Users 141 not found.
Date Deposited: 25 Jul 2011 10:33
Last Modified: 25 Jul 2011 10:33
Link to this item (URI): http://health-equity.pitt.edu/id/eprint/2846

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