Minority Health Archive

Tobacco Use among Rural African American Young Adult Males.

Carroll, William R and Foushee, Herman R and Hardy, Claudia M and Floyd, Tammi and Sinclair, Catherine F and Scarinci, Isabel (2011) Tobacco Use among Rural African American Young Adult Males. Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, 145 (2). pp. 259-263. ISSN 1097-6817

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Abstract

Objective. Tobacco-related disease is a primary source of mortality for African American men. Recent studies suggest that alternative tobacco products may have supplanted cigarettes as the most common products used by young African Americans. Effective cessation strategies require community-specific prevalence data. This project measures the prevalence of 9 tobacco products among young African American men in rural Alabama. Study Design. Principles of community-based participatory research were used to design a verbally administered tobacco product survey to measure the prevalence and behavioral factors influencing use. Setting. Black Belt counties of rural Alabama. Subjects and Methods. African American men aged 19 to 30 years were recruited from the target counties. Participants were stratified by income and education level. Prevalence rates for 9 products were determined, and logistic regression analysis was performed. Results. A total of 415 participants completed surveys. Cigarettes were the most common product ever (54%) and currently (39.9%) used. Participants who attended school for more than 12 years or attended religious services were less likely to use cigarettes. Marijuana and blunts were used next most commonly. Only 35 respondents (8.9%) currently used mini-cigars. Other products, bidis/kreteks, smokeless tobacco, and pipes were used uncommonly in this sample. Conclusions. Cigarettes remain the dominant tobacco product used by young African American men in rural Alabama. Cigarette prevalence far exceeds that measured statewide for African American men of the same age. Alternative products were not commonly used in this study population. Effective community-based intervention must target cigarette initiation and cessation in this vulnerable population.


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Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is available at the publisher’s Web site. Access to the full text is subject to the publisher’s access restrictions.
Uncontrolled Keywords: tobacco use, alternative tobacco products, marijuana use, African American men, rural areas
Subjects: Health > Public Health > Health Risk Factors > Smoking & Tobacco Use
Practice > interventions
Research
Research > methodologies
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Depositing User: Users 141 not found.
Date Deposited: 09 Aug 2011 10:35
Last Modified: 09 Aug 2011 10:35
Link to this item (URI): http://health-equity.pitt.edu/id/eprint/3013

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