Minority Health Archive

Stress, stress reduction, and hypertension in African Americans: an updated review.

Barnes, V and Schneider, R and Alexander, C and Staggers, F (1997) Stress, stress reduction, and hypertension in African Americans: an updated review. Journal of the National Medical Association, 89 (7). pp. 464-476. ISSN 0027-9684

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Abstract

This is a comprehensive and integrative review of multiple factors underlying the greater prevalence of hypertension in African Americans compared with whites. Evidence linking stress with hypertension and cardiovascular disease in African Americans is reviewed. A survey of mechanisms of hypertension in African Americans and existing behavioral strategies for the treatment of hypertension is presented. Given that the excess of hypertension may be mediated in part by behavioral factors operating through biological mechanisms, a case is presented for behavioral stress reduction measures. This review of stress reduction techniques especially the Transcendental Mediation program for the treatment of hypertension in African Americans highlights current issues facing the field. New information is provided to help direct future nonpharmacological research and practice in hypertension to prevent morbidity and premature mortality in this underserved population.


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Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is available at the publisher’s Web site. Access to the full text is subject to the publisher’s access restrictions.
Subjects: Health > Public Health > Chronic Illness & Diseases > Cardiovascular Disease
Health > Public Health > Chronic Illness & Diseases > Hypertension
Health > Public Health > Health Risk Factors > Stress
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Depositing User: Users 141 not found.
Date Deposited: 19 Oct 2011 13:09
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2011 13:09
Link to this item (URI): http://health-equity.pitt.edu/id/eprint/3374

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