Anders , Robert L. (2011) Hispanic Health Disparities on the US-Mexico Border. [Video]
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The border between the United States (US) and Mexico has a unique population, environment, and set of health issues, including Hispanic Health Disparities. The US-Mexico Border Region encompasses 100 miles north and south of the actual border, and includes 44 US counties, 80 Mexican municipalities, and 25 Native American Nations. The US population within this region is predominately Hispanic (50.7% of border county population) with 55.3% of all US Hispanics living in Border States and 8.4 living in border counties. This region, historically, has been economically impoverished with 3 of the US’s 10 poorest counties located along the border and 21 of the 44 US border counties carrying the economically distressed designation. The percentage of residents within border counties without health coverage ranges from 17.5-38%. When you examine only the Hispanic residents this drastically increases; for example 27.4% of all El Paso county residents do not have health insurance, but 46.4% of the El Paso county Hispanic population is without health insurance. This causes a number of individuals to routinely cross the US-Mexico Border to seek medical treatment. There are also a number of health disparities within the Hispanic Border population. A number of chronic disease rates are higher within the Hispanic Border population than within the rest of the US, including tuberculosis, diabetes, hepatitis, asthma, and obesity to name a few. It will take a US-Mexico border specific solution to address the Hispanic Health Disparities with this unique population and environment.
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