Minority Health Archive

Prevalence and Distribution of Major Depressive Disorder in African Americans, Caribbean Blacks, and Non-Hispanic Whites

Williams, David R. and Gonza´ lez, Hector M. and Neighbors, Harold and Nesse, Randolph and Abelson, Jamie M. and Sweetman, Julie and Jackson, James S. (2007) Prevalence and Distribution of Major Depressive Disorder in African Americans, Caribbean Blacks, and Non-Hispanic Whites. ARCH GEN PSYCHIATRY, 64. pp. 305-315.

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Abstract

Context: Little is known about the relationship between race/ethnicity and depression among US blacks. Objective: To estimate the prevalence, persistence, treatment, and disability of depression in African Americans, Caribbean blacks, and non-Hispanic whites in the National Survey of American Life. Design: A slightly modified adaptation of the World Health Organization World Mental Health version of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview. Setting: National household probability samples of noninstitutionalized African Americans, Caribbean blacks, and non-Hispanic whites in the United States conducted between February 2, 2001, and June 30, 2003. Participants: A total of 3570 African Americans, 1621 Caribbean blacks, and 891 non-Hispanic whites aged 18 years and older (N=6082). Main Outcome Measures: Lifetime and 12-month diagnoses of DSM-IV major depressive disorder (MDD), 12-month mental health services use, and MDD disability as quantified using the Sheehan Disability Scale and the World Health Organization’s Disability Assessment Schedule II. Results: Lifetime MDD prevalence estimates were highest for whites (17.9%), followed by Caribbean blacks (12.9%) and African Americans (10.4%); however, 12- month MDD estimates across groups were similar. The chronicity of MDD was higher for both black groups (56.5% for African Americans and 56.0% for Caribbean blacks) than for whites (38.6%). Fewer than half of the African Americans (45.0%) and fewer than a quarter (24.3%) of the Caribbean blacks who met the criteria received any form of MDD therapy. In addition, relative to whites, both black groups were more likely to rate their MDD as severe or very severe and more disabling. Conclusions: WhenMDDaffects African Americans and Caribbean blacks, it is usually untreated and is more severe and disabling compared with that in non-Hispanic whites. The burden of mental disorders, especially depressive disorders, may be higher among US blacks than in US whites.


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Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Access to full text is subject to the publisher's access restrictions.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Major Depressive Disorder(MDD),depression, Ethnicity, Caribbean blacks, African Americans
Subjects: Health > Disparities
Health > Public Health > Chronic Illness & Diseases
Health > Public Health > Chronic Illness & Diseases > Mental Health
Research
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Depositing User: Users 141 not found.
Date Deposited: 31 Mar 2011
Last Modified: 15 May 2011 17:12
Link to this item (URI): http://health-equity.pitt.edu/id/eprint/615

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