Minority Health Archive

RECRUITMENT OF BLACK WOMEN WITH TYPE 2 DIABETES INTO A SELF-MANAGEMENT INTERVENTION TRIAL

Newlin, Kelley, DNSc and D’Eramo Melkus, Gail, EdD, RN and Jefferson, Vanessa, MSN and Langerman, Susan, MSN and Womack, Julie, MSN and Chyun, Deborah, PhD, RN (2006) RECRUITMENT OF BLACK WOMEN WITH TYPE 2 DIABETES INTO A SELF-MANAGEMENT INTERVENTION TRIAL. Ethnicity & Disease, 16. pp. 956-962. ISSN 1049-510X

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship of recruitment methods to enrollment status in Black women with type 2 diabetes screened for entry into a randomized clinical trial (RCT). Using a cross-sectional study design with convenience sampling procedures, data were collected on recruitment methods to which the women responded (N5236). Results demonstrated that the RCT had a moderate overall recruitment rate of 46% and achieved only 84% of its projected accrual goal (N5109). Chi-square analysis demonstrated that enrollment outcomes varied significantly according to recruitment methods (P5.05). Recruitment methods such as community health fairs (77.8%), private practice referrals (75.0%), participant referrals (61.5%), community clinic referrals (44.6%), community advertising and marketing (40.9%), and chart review (40.4%) demonstrated variable enrollment yields. Results confirm previous findings that indicate that Black Americans may be successfully recruited into research studies at moderate rates when traditional recruitment methods are enhanced and integrated with more culturally sensitive methods. Lessons learned are considered.


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Item Type: Article
Additional Information: After clicking link, scroll down the page to find the article.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Black Women, Clinical Trial, Recruitment, Sampling, Type 2 Diabetes
Subjects: Health > Public Health > Chronic Illness & Diseases > Diabetes
Practice > interventions
Research > studies
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Depositing User: Users 141 not found.
Date Deposited: 27 Jul 2007
Last Modified: 28 May 2011 18:28
Link to this item (URI): http://health-equity.pitt.edu/id/eprint/655

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