Minority Health Archive

RACE, STRESS, AND SOCIAL SUPPORT: ADDRESSING THE CRISIS IN BLACK INFANT MORTALITY

Jackson, Fleda Mask (2007) RACE, STRESS, AND SOCIAL SUPPORT: ADDRESSING THE CRISIS IN BLACK INFANT MORTALITY. Project Report. UNSPECIFIED, Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies.

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Abstract

A recent front-page story in the New York Times reported a significant escalation in the number of African American babies in the southern United States who die as a consequence of preterm delivery and low birthweight. Having seen some marginal improvements in the rates of preterm delivery and low birthweight, health care professionals for mothers and their infants had been hopeful that further progress would be made. However, the current precipitous rise in poor birth outcomes undermines successes to date and raises major questions about what can be done to quell an escalating epidemic. Explanations for the increasingly poor birth outcomes among African American women are complex, involving a number of biological, psychological, social, and economic factors that surround pregnancy and birth. Diabetes, hypertension, and obesity are being scrutinized as major risks for adverse birth outcomes. However, more attention must be given to psychosocial risk factors, which may directly or indirectly trigger physiological responses, leading to premature births and low birthweights. This report examines the impact of stress and stress mediators on pregnancy outcomes for African American women.


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Item Type: Report Document or other Monograph (Project Report)
Additional Information: Access to full text is subject to the publisher's access restrictions.
Uncontrolled Keywords: premature births; low birthweights; stress; stress mediators; pregnancy outcomes; African American women; infant death
Subjects: Health > Prenatal & Pediatric Health
Health > Public Health > Health Risk Factors
Health > Public Health > Health Risk Factors > Stress
Research
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    Depositing User: Users 141 not found.
    Date Deposited: 03 Apr 2011
    Last Modified: 18 May 2011 19:19
    Link to this item (URI): http://health-equity.pitt.edu/id/eprint/844

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