Minority Health Archive

Reconceptualizing HIV Infection Among Poor Black Adolescent Females: An Urban Poverty Paradigm

White, Renée T. (2002) Reconceptualizing HIV Infection Among Poor Black Adolescent Females: An Urban Poverty Paradigm. Health Promotion Practice, 3 (2). pp. 302-312.

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Abstract

Recent research of HIV infection has attributed high rates of infection among heterosexual Black adolescents to multiple sexual partners and inconsistent condom use. Social science explanations emphasize limited family support, poor access to information, and unwillingness to change. This article presents an analysis of the effects of economic inequality and changes in urban areas on sexual risk-taking among poor Black women. Data come from an ongoing ethnographic study involving 53 young women in New Haven, Connecticut. Theoretical frameworks of urban development, economic isolation, and opportunity structures inform the results. Findings show that structural, social, and individual characteristics influence how young Black women define and assess personal risk. The residual and cumulative effects of racial inequality, poverty, and destabilization of communities contribute to risk-taking. Teenagers are more likely to engage in risky behavior when they believe their life options are limited. Recommendations include focusing on the reduction of social inequality as a health seeking strategy.


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Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is available at the publisher’s Web site. Access to the full text is subject to the publisher’s access restrictions.
Uncontrolled Keywords: HIV infection; heterosexual Black adolescents; multiple sexual partners; poor access to information; economic inequality; urban areas; poor Black women; risk-taking; social inequality
Subjects: Health > Disparities
Health > Public Health > Chronic Illness & Diseases > HIV/Aids
Health > Public Health > Health Risk Factors
Health > Public Health > Health Risk Factors > Sexual Habits
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    Depositing User: Users 141 not found.
    Date Deposited: 12 Mar 2008
    Last Modified: 07 Jul 2011 14:46
    Link to this item (URI): http://health-equity.pitt.edu/id/eprint/946

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