Minority Health Archive

Painting a Truer Picture of US Socioeconomic and Racial/Ethnic Health Inequalities: The Public Health Disparities Geocoding Project

Krieger, Nancy and Chen, Jarvis T. and Waterman, Pamela D. and Rehkopf, David H. and Subramanian, S.V. (2005) Painting a Truer Picture of US Socioeconomic and Racial/Ethnic Health Inequalities: The Public Health Disparities Geocoding Project. American Journal of Public Health, 25 (2). pp. 312-323. ISSN 0090-0036

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Abstract

Objectives. We describe a method to facilitate routine monitoring of socioeconomic health disparities in the United States. Methods. We analyzed geocoded public health surveillance data including events from birth to death (c. 1990) linked to 1990 census tract (CT) poverty data for Massachusetts and Rhode Island. Results. For virtually all outcomes, risk increased with CT poverty, and when we adjusted for CT poverty racial/ethnic disparities were substantially reduced. For half the outcomes, more than 50% of cases would not have occurred if population rates equaled those of persons in the least impoverished CTs. In the early 1990s, persons in the least impoverished CT were the only group meeting Healthy People 2000 objectives a decade ahead. Conclusions. Geocoding and use of the CT poverty measure permit routine monitoring of US socioeconomic inequalities in health, using a common and accessible metric.


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Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is available at the publisher’s Web site. Access to the full text is subject to the publisher’s access restrictions.
Uncontrolled Keywords: monitoring; socioeconomic health disparities; United States; Geocoding; US socioeconomic inequalities in health
Subjects: Health
Health > Disparities
Research
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Depositing User: Users 141 not found.
Date Deposited: 12 Mar 2008
Last Modified: 30 Jun 2011 09:58
Link to this item (URI): http://health-equity.pitt.edu/id/eprint/956

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