Minority Health Archive

Sexual and Drug Behavior Patterns and HIV and STD Racial Disparities: The Need for New Directions

Hallfors, Denise Dion and Iritani, Bonita J. and Miller, William C. and Bauer, Daniel J. (2007) Sexual and Drug Behavior Patterns and HIV and STD Racial Disparities: The Need for New Directions. American Journal of Public Health, 97 (1). pp. 125-132. ISSN 0090-0036

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Abstract

Objectives. We used nationally representative data to examine whether individuals’ sexual and drug behavior patterns account for racial disparities in sexually transmitted disease (STD) and HIV prevalence. Methods. Data were derived from wave III of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. Participants were aged 18 to 26 years old; analyses were limited to non-Hispanic Blacks and Whites. Theory and cluster analyses yielded 16 unique behavior patterns. Bivariate analyses compared STD and HIV prevalences for each behavior pattern, by race. Logistic regression analyses examined within-pattern race effects before and after control for covariates. Results. Unadjusted odds of STD and HIV infection were significantly higher among Blacks than among Whites for 11 of the risk behavior patterns assessed. Across behavior patterns, covariates had little effect on reducing race odds ratios. Conclusions. White young adults in the United States are at elevated STD and HIV risk when they engage in high-risk behaviors. Black young adults, however, are at high risk even when their behaviors are normative. Factors other than individual risk behaviors and covariates appear to account for racial disparities, indicating the need for population-level interventions.


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Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is available at the publisher’s Web site. Access to the full text is subject to the publisher’s access restrictions.
Uncontrolled Keywords: sexual and drug behavior patterns; racial disparities; sexually transmitted disease (STD); HIV prevalence; non-Hispanic Blacks; population-level interventions
Subjects: Health > Disparities
Health > Public Health > Chronic Illness & Diseases > HIV/Aids
Health > Public Health > Health Risk Factors > Illegal Drug Use
Health > Public Health > Health Risk Factors > Sexual Habits
Research
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Depositing User: Users 141 not found.
Date Deposited: 13 Mar 2008
Last Modified: 30 Jun 2011 09:45
Link to this item (URI): http://health-equity.pitt.edu/id/eprint/965

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